IUWM is a strategic planning framework for identifying and prioritizing investments based on understanding urban water cycles in a holistic manner. IUWM is useful for facilitating coordinated and flexible planning among stakeholders, taking into account institutional arrangements, economic analysis, and innovative financing solutions. IUWM offers options for dealing with large complex urban water challenges, while protecting environmental, recreational and cultural values and increasing urban attractiveness.
- IUWM is particularly well suited to cities facing increased water stress.
- IUWM can be integrated into project design with little extra effort and may result in important efficiency gains.
- IUWM works best when there is commitment by stakeholders to pursuing an integrated approach.
Users must work through four phases for the operationalization of IUWM: engagement, assessment and diagnosis, participatory planning and prioritization, and implementation and monitoring.
- IUWM has – on different levels and with diverse focuses – been used extensively in Europe, Latin America and East Asia; and piloted in Central Asia and Africa.
- Examples of countries include Spain, Brazil, Paraguay, Honduras, South Korea, Azerbaijan, Kenya.
- To come to holistic and integrated planning, IUWM requires substantial analysis and modeling of economic viability, institutional capacities, financing options, technology options, urban/basin-level water balance/resources.
- Integrating extensive participatory approaches may increase time and cost of IUWM.
- Resource: Integrated Urban Water Management - Lessons and Recommendations from Regional Experiences in Latin America, Central Asia, and Africa.
- Reference initiative: LAC’s Blue Water Green Cities initiative.
- External partners: UNESCO’s SWITCH program