How can we promote improvements in the enabling environment for sanitation services?

Enabling Environment Assessment (EEA)

What is it and how can it help? 

The Enabling Environment Assessment is a conceptual framework to systematically assess, strengthen, and monitor progress in the enabling environment at national and sub-national levels. There are eight dimensions in the framework and all are essential. However, depending on the country, one or more of these components could act as a bottleneck to reaching sustainable, at-scale service delivery and would therefore need to be prioritized. Enabling environment assessments also complement the eight key dimensions with country-specific indicators to build a ‘traffic light chart.’

When does it work best? 
  • Enabling environment assessments are most useful when there is a need for benchmarking of national and sub-national enabling environments—this allows tracking of progress over time and measurement of capacity development.
  • The assessments require robust data to analyze the quality of the dimensions of the enabling environment; if data is unavailable the assessment may be less valuable.
How do I use it? 

EEA requires users to analyze 8 dimensions:

  • Policy, Strategy, and Direction
  • Institutional Arrangements
  • Program Methodology
  • Implementation Capacity
  • Availability of Products and Services
  • Financing and Incentives
  • Cost-Effective Implementation
  • Monitoring and Evaluation
Where has it been used? 

Enabling environment assessments have been used in countries including Indonesia, India, Vietnam, Philippines, Cambodia, Laos, Pakistan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Senegal and Niger.

What are its limitations? 

It can be difficult to obtain the requisite data for the enabling environment assessment. Information on laws and statutes may be readily available, but quantitative and economic indicators can be more challenging. 

Where can I go to learn more? 

Guidance: What Does It Take to Scale Up Rural Sanitation? – see section 3.2, ‘A Framework to Assess and Monitor the Enabling Environment,’ and 3.3, ‘ Measuring Progress in the Enabling Environment.’