Katherine Bain joined the Civil Society and Social Development team of the World Bank in 1996 where she supported the new President, James Wolfensohn in designing policies and processes for better incorporating civil society stakeholders in the World Bank’s day to day work. In 1997 she became the Team Leader and Senior Social Scientist in the Latin American and Caribbean Region and led pioneering work across the region to mainstream inclusive governance across the region’s products. In 2007 she moved to the Africa Region and was appointed Country Program Manager in the Ghana Country Office and was based in the field until 2010. Since returning to headquarters, Ms. Bain has led regional work on the demand for good governance, political economy and now leads the Programmatic Approach to Governance in Nigeria. The Programmatic Approach is a country level reform process aimed at improving the World Bank’s effectiveness in Nigeria through better attention to tailoring best practices to context, including through political economy work throughout the project cycle, adapting and learning during project implementation and learning by doing through Bank operations. It is being carried out in partnership with Harvard University and the Overseas Development Institute.
The Lagos Eko Secondary Education Sector Project: Tailoring International Best Practices to Improve Educational Outcomes at the State Level
This case study explores how the Eko Project tailored international best practices to leverage impact in Lagos State’s public secondary education system and assesses how the project resolutely responded to the challenges posed by the drop in test scores. Using a qualitative methodology based on semi- structured interviews and focus group discussions, the case study concludes that a proactive approach in a moment of committed political leadership from top to bottom—together with targeted program design, thoughtful adaptation of international experience, and efforts to foster a culture of performance— created the conditions for meaningful and sustainable reform, despite the challenges posed by demographic pressures and funding constraints.
The case study explores the following question: how did the Fadama project learn and adapt to changing circumstances, including the social and political context, as it evolved from a pilot program to a successful national project? In doing so, this case study traces the evolution of the project’s design and implementation to demonstrate its adaptive capacity for promoting local agriculture and rural income generation. Prior to the Fadama project, most rural projects in Nigeria were managed centrally, with decisions made at higher levels of government.
This case study examines urban water service delivery reform in Nigeria using qualitative research methods that include a review of relevant project documentation, a literature review on water reform and governance issues in Nigeria, and process tracing (collecting primary source qualitative data through semi-structured interviews). In 2004, the federal government of Nigeria joined with the World Bank to address the institutional weaknesses of urban water utilities under the National Urban Water Sector Reform Project (NUWSRP1).
In this video, Kathy Bain, Senior Governance Specialist at the World Bank, discusses how her team has successfully incorporated and applied tools and techniques for adaptive implementation in the course of a programmatic series of Governance projects in Nigeria.