Jacob Bathanti is a consultant at the World Bank, working with the GDI team. Jacob joined the World Bank in 2014. His work with GDI focuses principally on delivery case studies.
Catalyzing Female Leadership and Participation in Rural Development: The Saemaul Women Associations in the Republic of Korea
This case study examines the emergence of the Saemaul Undong Women's Association in the Republic of Korea from 1972 to 1979. This initiative was carried out as part of the Saemaul Undong (New Village Movement), a nationwide community development project. The Saemaul Undong combined top-down aspects, in that it was mandated and directed by the central govenerment, and bottom-up aspects, in that villages had broad leeway in terms of the projects that they took on at the local level. The same was true for the Saemaul Women's Associations.
The Model Ward Initiative aimed to effect comprehensive community development, encompassing a wide range of outcomes and indicators, particularly clustered in the areas of health, women’s and children’s rights, and water and sanitation. To achieve this, it would have to mobilize communities and overcome a range of political obstacles.
Delivery Challenge and How Practitioners Responded
The Model Ward Initiative started out in a single ward, adopting a pilot-learn-adapt-scale up approach.
How could the government of Colombia enable effective citizen monitoring of royalty-funded projects? The Colombian government adopted citizen participation and accountability as its main approaches to improve good governance and public effectiveness. Colombia’s legal framework set the foundations for civil society’s participation, but the participatory legal framework has been challenging to implement.