Danny is the Centre for Public Impact’s Program Director overseeing its global activities, its research and partnerships. Danny has a particular interest in the use of evidence in policymaking and in “algorithmic” governance as well as its regulation. Previously he was a strategy consultant at The Boston Consulting Group in Berlin where he worked on digital innovation issues.
The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1989 had a profound impact on Cuba’s economy. As Cuba’s main trading partner and patron (providing preferential terms for aid and above-market rates for Cuban products), the Soviet Union’s abrupt dissolution led to severe shortages of basic goods, monetary aid, and fossil fuels in Cuba. The agriculture sector was especially hard hit. Without access to Soviet machinery or fertilizer and unable to trade freely on the international market because of the U.S. trade embargo, Cuba entered a period of extended economic crisis that resulted in food rationing and rising rates of malnutrition.
On its return to democracy in the 1990s, Chile’s economy was growing at a rapid pace. But like many countries in the region, it had chronically underinvested in infrastructure during the economic doldrums of the 1980s. Roads, ports, and highways were decades old and inadequate for the growing economic activity. Also, from 1982 to 1992, private car ownership had grown by 45 percent to a total of 1.3 million vehicles (National Institute of Statistics, various years). Congestion and traffic accidents nearly doubled during that period.
Improved Access to Immunizations for Children in the Developing World: The Case of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunizations
The Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunizations (GAVI) is an international organization and public–private partnership that was created to improve immunization rates around the world.1 GAVI was launched in January 2000 to address a growing disparity in medical coverage between the developed and developing worlds. At the time, more than 30 million children in developing countries did not receive routine immunizations against life-threatening diseases such as polio, diphtheria, tuberculosis, pertussis, and measles.