Developing the Chilean Salmon Farming Industry

Through a partnership with Japan and JICA, one of the main export markets for salmon, Chile has developed a highly successful domestic salmon farming industry as a strategy to boost economic growth and alleviate poverty. By introducing new salmon farming technologies, creating a supportive legal framework, and building a global market for Chilean salmon, Chile has become the world’s second-largest salmon exporter, after Norway. However, the industry’s rapid growth has taken an environmental toll, and reforms have become necessary to ensure the long-term sustainability of salmon farming as a major contributor to Chile’s economy. This delivery note analyzes some of the delivery challenges Chile has faced in growing its salmon farming industry over the last five decades.