This case study examines the first-ever program implemented in Brazil to receive migrants from a humanitarian crisis. The humanitarian crisis in question worsened in 2010, in the wake of an earthquake that hit Haiti’s capital city, Port-au-Prince. Until 2007, Brazil had been responsible for the peacekeeping troops deployed to stabilize the Caribbean country. In 2011, the number of Haitian people crossing the border into Brazil started to rise. Traditionally very low, the inflow numbers quickly escalated to dozens, then hundreds, and finally thousands of incoming migrants.