Delivery Challenges

Delivery Challenge: Skill transfer

Challenges caused by difficulty of imparting or acquiring new skills needed.

Interactive

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Percentage of Projects with Skill transfer

  • Less than 25%
  • 25 - 50%
  • 50 - 75%
  • More than 75%

Any information shown on this map do not imply, on the part of the Global Delivery Initiative, any judgment or endorsement on the status of any territory.

Case study
Nestled in the Sahel, agriculture in Niger is severely impacted by climate change and scarce water resources. With temperatures rising 1.5 times faster than the global average and with daytime highs soaring above 45 degrees Celsius, subsistence farmers across Niger struggled to grow food in the scorched, sandy soil. Scarce rainwater resources, rainfall variability, and repeated prolonged dry seasons were responsible for the underutilization of available land in Niger for agriculture, and only 7 percent of land in the country was irrigated.  To test the viability and sustainability of a commercial private sector approach to supply drip irrigation technology to farmers in Niger, the International Finance Corporation (IFC) implemented the Niger Irrigation Program (NIP). With support from the...
Case study
In 2009, as Sri Lanka’s 26-year internal armed conflict was coming to an end, the Sri Lankan government requested support from the Japan International Cooperation Agency for the construction of the Manmunai Bridge, which would connect the two shores of a lagoon in the war-ravaged area of Manmunai. Development in Manmunai was a priority because the Eastern Province, where it was located, had been heavily affected by the war. With Japanese grant aid, a Japanese contractor led the construction using local workers. The project hired workers from different ethnic and linguistic groups in the community, which led to communication issues between the contractor and workers and between workers. The Japanese contractor and Sri Lankan workers perceived the division of roles differently, especially...
Practitioner
Ayumi Hori is a consultant at IC Net Limited, a Japan-based international development consulting firm that provides services on governance, health, education, agriculture, fisheries, economic development, and project evaluation. Ayumi has worked on project monitoring and evaluation and is knowledgeable about heavy industry and manufacturing. For the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), she evaluated the Manmunai Bridge construction project in eastern Sri Lanka as an ex-post evaluator, and wrote an original case study on the project. She served as a production technology and quality control expert in a JICA investment and industrial development project in Myanmar and a monitoring and evaluation expert in a JICA technical education project in Bangladesh. Previously, she worked for...
Case study
Through a partnership with Japan and JICA, one of the main export markets for salmon, Chile has developed a highly successful domestic salmon farming industry as a strategy to boost economic growth and alleviate poverty. By introducing new salmon farming technologies, creating a supportive legal framework, and building a global market for Chilean salmon, Chile has become the world’s second-largest salmon exporter, after Norway. However, the industry’s rapid growth has taken an environmental toll, and reforms have become necessary to ensure the long-term sustainability of salmon farming as a major contributor to Chile’s economy. This delivery note analyzes some of the delivery challenges Chile has faced in growing its salmon farming industry over the last five decades.  
Practitioner
Case study
Key Contextual Conditions Delhi, the capital of India, and a key political, cultural, and commercial hub, is one of the fastest-growing cities in the world. The population of the city is expected to reach 23 million by 2021 from the current estimated population of 13 million people. Population growth led to expansion beyond the core of the city, but the absence of rail options pushed transportation to the roads. As the population grew, traffic increased, along with associated problems such as traffic jams, pollution, and accidents. These problems were exacerbated by poor drainage systems and flooding on some stretches of road. Development Challenge Delhi’s roads have faced problems such as congestion, pollution, and increasing numbers of automobile accidents since the mid 1990s. To...
Case study
Context Uganda has the world’s youngest population, a free universal secondary education system, and low unemployment. Yet 68 percent of youths were unemployed in 2012, entrepreneurship training in secondary education was theoretical, and the transition from school to work lacked a formal structure. In 2002, the government instituted entrepreneurship in secondary schools (becoming the first to do so in Africa). Seven years later, the curriculum did not have practical, hands-on training and clear private sector links. Rote memorization and cramming for tests remained the basis of learning, and the resulting skills gap fueled growth in the informal sector. Of the 32 percent employed youths, "68 percent of young men and 83 percent of young women are either self-employed or unpaid family...
Case study
Context After decades of sustained economic and population growth coupled with rapid urbanization, cities in Sub-Saharan Africa are experiencing growing problems with traffic congestion. Poor road networks, underinvestment in infrastructure, and a lack of mass transit systems exacerbate the problems and negatively affect economic activities and human health. Even though countries in the region have only 2 percent of the world’s registered vehicles, these countries have some of the highest road mortality rates in the world (Marquez 2012). Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, is a clear example of the challenges of traffic congestion. As one of the fastest-growing metropolises on the continent—with an annual population growth of 3.8 percent (UITP 2014)—the city is struggling to meet...
Practitioner
Sumila Gulyani is currently the Global Lead for Urban Development Strategy and Analytics at the World Bank. From 2012-2014, she served as Manager for Urban Development, Water Supply and Sanitation, and Disaster Risk Management in the Europe and Central Asia Region of the World Bank. The unit’s active portfolio included 38 projects totaling US$4 billion. From 2008-2011, she was based in Kenya as Sector Leader for Sustainable Development for 6 African countries. From 2005-2007, Ms. Gulyani was at Columbia University in New York where she held the position of Assistant Professor and also served as the founding Director of the Infrastructure and Poverty Action Lab (I-PAL). Prior to that, she has held several other positions at the World Bank. Ms. Gulyani received her Ph.D. in Economic...
Practitioner
Niels Holm-Nielsen is Regional Coordinator for Disaster Risk Management in Latin America and the Caribbean for the World Bank. Niels joined the Latin America group as a Disaster Risk Management specialist in 2008 from MENA. He has in the past couple of years led the Disaster Risk Management program in Colombia and the Caribbean, leading the preparation and Board approval of several DRM Investment operations, Emergency Recovery Operations, and a Cat DDO, in addition to a large portfolio of grant funded projects. In MENA he worked on water management, climate adaptation, and disaster risk management operations in Iran, Jordan and Yemen. Before joining the World Bank he worked for the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) for five years, where he helped create the corporate policy on...
Practitioner
Doyle Gallegos is the World Bank's Lead ICT Policy Specialist. In this role, Mr. Gallegos leads the Bank’s telecommunications policy and regulatory agenda, regional backbone and rural connectivity programs, and implementation of PPPs in client countries. Prior to joining the World Bank he worked as a consultant with Booz Allen Hamilton as a Senior Advisor and as a Senior Manager in Deloitte Consulting throughout the Middle East, Latin America, Europe, and US. Mr. Gallegos also has held VP level positions with telecom start-up and emerging business enterprises. Mr. Gallegos has an MBA in Finance from the Wharton School and an undergraduate degree in Economics from Columbia University.
Practitioner
Maitreyi Bordia Das is the World Bank's Global Lead for Social Inclusion. Based in Washington DC, she works on issues of inequality and exclusion and on the design and implementation of social policy and programs. Among other publications, Maitreyi is also the lead author of the 2013 report, "Inclusion Matters: The Foundation for Shared Prosperity"​ and most recently of "Scaling the Heights: Social Inclusion and Sustainable Development in Himachal Pradesh"​. She started her career as a lecturer in St Stephen's College, University of Delhi, has been a MacArthur Fellow at the Harvard Center of Population and Development Studies and worked as advisor to the United Nations Development Program. She has a PhD in Sociology (Demography) from the University of...
Practitioner
As Practice Manager in the Social Protection, Labor and Jobs Global Practice, Hana Brixi leads the engagement in the MNA region. Prior to this position, she led the Global Solutions Group on Public Service Delivery in the Governance Global Practice, and served as Program Leader for the Gulf countries and Lead Economist for Human Development in the MNA region. In her career, Hana has been advancing World Bank engagement on human development, governance and public finance especially in the MNA, East Asia and Europe & Central Asia regions. Based in China during 2001-10, she also served as World Health Organization’s Coordinator for Health Sector Development and UNICEF Social Policy Chief, and she taught as a Visiting Professor at Tsinghua University, School of Public Policy and...
Practitioner
Jonathan Coony is the Global Lead for Green Competitiveness at the World Bank. He co-leads the organization’s work to support private sector in developing countries to successfully compete in growing climate-related sectors with a focus on innovation. Previously he was the Program Coordinator of the World Bank’s Climate Technology Program (CTP) at the World Bank. During his tenure, the program scaled considerably to establish a network of seven Climate Innovation Centers to support firms to innovate commercial climate solutions for local markets and grow their businesses. Over this time, the CTP brought in five donor partners with over $70 m committed. Jonathan has also worked in the World Bank energy sector. Prior to the World Bank, Jonathan worked at the International Energy Agency (IEA...
Practitioner
Bill Kingdom is the Global Lead for Water Supply and Sanitation in the Water Global Practice of the World Bank. During his career in the sector he has worked extensively in South and East Asia, the Middle East, UK, USA, and Canada. He has led urban and rural water supply and sanitation investment projects, supported regulators, provided policy advice and implemented a number of innovative PPP projects including small town and performance based leakage reduction contracts in Vietnam, wastewater operations contracts in Canada and a novel approach to deliver 24/7 water supplies in India. He has authored many papers including on the characteristics of well-run utilities, the role of aggregation in service delivery, performance based leakage control, and the challenges of measuring...
Practitioner
Emily Sinnott is a senior economist in the Human Development Economics Unit of the European and Central Asia Department of the World Bank and co-author of the flagship report "Natural Resources in Latin America and the Caribbean: Beyond Booms and Busts?" Prior to joining the World Bank she worked in the Ministry of Finance of Guyana. Emily holds a Ph.D. in economics from the European University Institute.
Practitioner
Susan Wong is the World Bank’s Global Lead for Community-Driven Development (CDD). She has led and worked on some of the largest CDD and local government programs in the world including in Indonesia, Philippines, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, India, Afghanistan, and Morocco. Her specialties are in the areas of: monitoring and evaluation, CDD and local governance, social safeguards, and operations. Susan has published on topics related to monitoring and evaluation, political economy, and community-driven development, and led one of the largest randomized impact evaluations in the world from 2007-2010 in Indonesia. Susan joined the World Bank in 2002 and has served as Social Development Program/Sector Manager, Social Development Sector Coordinator in Indonesia, and Lead Specialist. Prior to...
Practitioner
Tara Vishwanath is a Lead Economist in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region's Poverty Reduction and Economic Management group of the World Bank. She coordinates work in the region on poverty, gender and impact evaluation. Prior to joining MENA, she led the poverty group in the South Asia region. Before joining the World Bank, she was a Professor in the Department of Economics at Northwestern University.