Case study

Modern Energy Services in Low and Middle-Income Countries

How can strategies and technologies be developed to provide poor people in remote areas with sustainable access to modern energy? This case study contrasts three interventions—in Kenya, Mali, and Mozambique— in order to learn from their successes and failures. It shows how projects were scaled up when results were positive and cut back when they failed to meet expectations.


Carsten Hellpap

During the last 25 years Carsten Hellpap has worked at GTZ now Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), and presently is the manager of the International Partnership Programme "Energising Development (EnDev)".


Paola Agostini

Dr. Paola Agostini is a Lead Environmental Economist in the World Bank’s Environment and Natural Resources Global Practice.


Meera Shekar

Meera Shekar is Global Lead for nutrition with the World Bank’s Health, Nutrition and Population Global Practice, building the World Bank’s nutrition portfolio under the “Investing in the Early Years” initiative.


Doyle Gallegos

Doyle Gallegos is the World Bank's Lead ICT Policy Specialist. In this role, Mr. Gallegos leads the Bank’s telecommunications policy and regulatory agenda, regional backbone and rural connectivity programs, and implementation of PPPs in client countries.