How can a successful community-driven development program in Indonesia be extended to hard-to-reach and remote geographic locations, expand its focus beyond physical infrastructure to address social needs, such as health and education, and be reformed to better serve stigmatized and disenfranchised population segments?
How did Indonesia provide 25 million rural people with access to improved sanitation in the last decade? Was its paradigm shift—from subsidizing the purchase of latrines to changing people’s behavior—responsible for its success? This case study tracks how the government and development partners introduced community-led total sanitation and developed total sanitation and sanitation marketing.
Devi is a Community Development Specialist in the World Bank’s Jakarta, Indonesia office, working as Country Coordinator for the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP). He task leads the Scaling Up Rural Sanitation Hygiene (SURSH) business area, a project that supports the implementation of Community Based Total Sanitation (locally called Sanitatsi Total Berbasis Masyarakat or STBM), a national program for rural sanitation development.
Jacqueline is the Senior Social Marketing Specialist within the Water Global Programs of the World Bank, providing technical advice in behavior change on sanitation, hygiene and clean cooking, among others.